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Deciphering the puzzle of the economy.

Deciphering the puzzle of the economy

Chava Elizalde - "Crypto Wolf"

In this blog, we are going to unravel the mysteries of macroeconomics and microeconomics to help you understand how these two pieces fit into the puzzle of your personal finances.


Macroeconomics is like observing a forest from the top of a mountain. It allows us to understand how the entire economy of a country or even the whole world works. In other words, it focuses on the big numbers and economic trends that affect all of us. Here are three key concepts you need to know:

  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP): GDP is like the thermometer of the economy. It represents the total value of goods and services produced in a country during a period of time. When GDP grows, it is a sign of a healthy economy, while a decrease can be a signal of economic problems.
  • Inflation: is the widespread increase in prices. In other words, your money buys less over time. A little inflation is normal, but if it shoots up, it can negatively affect your finances.
  • Unemployment: Unemployment measures the percentage of people who are actively looking for work but cannot find it. The lower it is, the better it is for the economy. The economy thrives when there are more job opportunities available.


Microeconomics, on the other hand, is like looking at a tree in that same forest. It focuses on the decisions and actions of individuals and firms. Here are three key concepts that you should understand:

  • Supply and Demand: Supply refers to how much of a good or service is available, while demand is how much people want of that good or service. When demand exceeds supply, prices tend to rise.
  • Opportunity cost: every choice you make in life has an opportunity cost. If you decide to spend your money on a vacation instead of investing it, the opportunity cost is what you could have earned if you had invested that money.
  • Utility Maximization: People tend to make decisions that maximize their utility. In other words, we seek to obtain the greatest satisfaction possible with our limited resources. This can be applied to purchasing decisions, investments, and more.

The great painting

Now that you know the difference between macro and microeconomics, how can you apply this knowledge in your daily life? Here are some ways:

  1. Financial planning: Understanding macroeconomic concepts allows you to make more informed financial decisions, such as choosing investments.
  2. Budget Management: Microeconomics helps you make smart decisions about personal expenses and savings.
  3. Successful Entrepreneurship: If you are an entrepreneur, understanding supply and demand will help you create a product or service that people truly desire.
  4. Smart investments: Macroeconomics helps you evaluate market trends, while microeconomics assists in analyzing individual companies before investing.

In Plankton Wallet, we’re here to be your guides on this exciting journey. Macroeconomics and microeconomics are the foundations of a strong financial future, and now you have the tools to understand them. Keep exploring and never stop learning!

The information presented has been created for educational and informational purposes. The accuracy and truthfulness of this information solely belong to the person who subscribes or communicates it. This is not a recommendation, nor does it aim to promote the purchase or sale of financial instruments, securities, or stocks.

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